Electric scooters have revolutionized urban transportation, offering an efficient and eco-friendly mode of travel. However, the limited battery range of these scooters can sometimes be a concern for riders.
In this article, we'll explore effective strategies to extend the battery life and overall range of your electric scooter during your ride.
What Are the Battery Types of Electric Scooters?
1. Lithium Batteries
Lithium-ion batteries are the most common type of power supply used in electric scooters. These types of batteries are generally more expensive than others but offer a range of benefits, making them the go-to option for electric scooters. Not only are smaller and lighter than others, but they also require less maintenance, last longer, and are significantly more efficient， typically lasting between 800 and 1000 cycles.
One of the biggest advantages of lithium batteries is their high energy density. When it comes to electric scooters, they can provide a lot of power in a compact space. Lithium batteries also have a relatively low self-discharge rate, which means they can hold a charge for a long time without losing capacity. MUKUTA electric scooters use lithium batteries.
2. Lead-acid Batteries
Lead-acid batteries were first used in the 19th century and are less expensive than those made with lithium. However, despite their low price, they're not as commonly used because they're larger, need relatively high levels of maintenance, and are less efficient.
The typical lifespan of a lead-acid battery is between 300 and 500 cycles (like a year), and after a year, you will notice that the performance of your battery drops significantly.
How to Choose an Electric Scooter Battery?
A good battery will determine how far you can go on a single charge, reliability, and longevity. The batteries used in the electric scooter market are mainly Samsung batteries or LG batteries, as well as Chinese batteries. These three types of batteries are also used in MUKUTA electric scooters.
1. Samsung Batteries
Samsung batteries are known for their high quality and reliability, but the cost of Samsung batteries can be a major drawback for most people. Samsung batteries are ideal for riders who prioritize performance over cost and are willing to invest in a battery that will provide them with a long-lasting and consistent riding experience.
2. LG Batteries
LG batteries are similar to Samsung batteries. They provide a longer range on a single charge, making them an ideal choice for riders who travel long distances frequently. However, like Samsung batteries, the cost of LG batteries can be a significant barrier for some riders.
3. Chinese Batteries
Chinese batteries have been gaining popularity in recent years. When it comes to Chinese lithium batteries, there are different grades of quality available, including A-class, B-class, and C-class. One of the major advantages of A-class Chinese lithium batteries is their cost-effectiveness.
A-class batteries are considered the highest quality and are made with quality materials and manufacturing processes. They have a longer lifespan, higher energy density, and better overall performance compared to lower-grade batteries.
How to Prolong the Life of Your Electric Scooter Battery?
As an electric scooter owner, you want to ensure that your scooter battery lasts as long as possible, because we all know, replacing a battery is not cheap. Therefore, I will provide you with tips and information on how to care for your scooter battery, so it lasts longer and performs better.
1. Understanding Battery Lifespan
A typical lithium-ion battery will have around 300-500 charging/discharging cycles before you will sense a diminished capacity. The average lifespan of a quality lithium-ion battery is 800-1000 cycles, which can be about 3 years for someone using their scooter 5 days a week. Depending on how you use your electric scooter, for an average version, this would be good for approximately 3K-10K miles.
2. Temperature Management
Keep your scooter at the right temperature. Batteries perform best when kept at a moderate temperature between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius. Battery swelling issues may occur in a hot environment. Avoid exposing your electric scooter to extreme temperatures.
3. Clean and Dry
It's important to keep your electric scooter battery dry and free of debris and water. Water can cause corrosion of the battery terminals and connections, which can lead to damage and a reduction in performance.
4. Charging and Storage
Batteries should be kept between 20-80% charge when not in use to extend their lifespan. Dead flat is not good for batteries and your scooter battery might not be rechargeable anymore if it were left flat for months.
The discharge rate of your battery is high when it’s just fully charged. Avoid leaving the battery in a fully charged state for long periods, as this can also affect its lifespan. It's best to charge your battery to 80-90% and use it to 20% before recharging it.
5. Use a Right Charger
Proper charging is also essential to maintaining your electric scooter battery. Overcharging or undercharging the battery with the wrong charger can shorten its lifespan. Even worse, it can catch fire.
In addition, the lithium battery charger and lead-acid battery charger are not universal. You cannot use a "normal" random charger to charge your battery, which may catch fire or break your battery cells.
What Is the Average Electric Scooter Range?
Generally, electric scooters can go as far as 48 km (30 miles) on average after a full charge. These scooters come in varying models depending on the goal of the maker.
Taking MUKUTA 10PLUS as an example, with a 60V 20.8AH battery capacity, it can travel an average of 50-100KM; with a 60V 25.6AH battery capacity, it can travel an average of 60-120KM. In the actual riding process, it will also be affected by various factors, so this value range is not absolute.
What Affects the Range of an E-scooter?
1. Battery Capacity
The battery's capacity plays a pivotal role in determining the scooter's range. Lithium-ion batteries, commonly used in electric scooters, vary in capacity and efficiency. Higher-capacity batteries generally provide longer ranges, but their size and weight might affect the scooter's overall design and portability.
2. Riding Speed and Style
How you ride your electric scooter significantly impacts its battery range. Riding at higher speeds consumes more power, reducing the overall distance the scooter can cover on a single charge. Smooth and controlled riding, with gradual acceleration and deceleration, can help extend the battery range.
3. Terrain and Elevation
The terrain you ride on has a direct influence on battery consumption. Uphill climbs and rough surfaces require more power, shortening the scooter's range. Planning routes with minimal inclines and smooth roads can help conserve battery life.
4. Rider Weight
The weight of the rider directly affects the scooter's energy consumption. Heavier riders require more power to move the scooter, resulting in reduced battery range. Being mindful of weight and distributing it evenly can contribute to better battery efficiency.
5. Weather Conditions
Extreme weather conditions, such as strong headwinds or low temperatures, can impact battery performance. Wind resistance and cold temperatures can increase power usage, leading to shorter battery life. Considering weather conditions while planning your ride can help manage battery consumption.
6. Tire Pressure and Condition
Proper tire maintenance is crucial for optimal battery range. Underinflated tires increase rolling resistance, demanding more power from the battery. Keeping tires properly inflated and in good condition can contribute to efficient energy usage.
How to increase the range of an electric scooter?
1. Choose the Right Scooter
When purchasing an electric scooter, consider models with larger battery capacities. Scooters with higher voltage and ampere-hour (Ah) ratings tend to offer longer ranges. Research and compare different models to find the one that best suits your needs.
2. Maintain Your Battery
Proper battery maintenance is crucial for extending your scooter's range. Follow these tips:
- Charge your scooter regularly: Avoid deep discharges by recharging when the battery level drops to around 20-30%.
- Store your scooter in a cool, dry place: Extreme temperatures can degrade battery performance.
- Keep the battery clean and dry: Moisture and dirt can damage the battery.
- Use the manufacturer's recommended charger: MUKUTA scooters come with dedicated chargers. If you misplace or damage your charger, make sure to replace it with an original. While an aftermarket charger may be tempting, it could damage the battery. Just because it fits, it doesn’t mean that it is suitable for your electric scooter.
3. Optimize Riding Habits
How you ride your electric scooter can significantly impact its range. Here are some riding habits to consider:
- Smooth acceleration and braking: Avoid sudden acceleration and harsh braking, which can drain the battery quickly.
- Turn Off Unnecessary Electronics: Switch off any unnecessary electronics when riding to extend your electric scooter range.
4. Check Tire Pressure
Maintain the recommended tire pressure to reduce rolling resistance. Underinflated tires can lead to increased friction, requiring more power to move the scooter.
5. Use Eco Mode
MUKUTA 9/9 PLUS scooters come with an eco mode. Activating this mode can limit the scooter's top speed but significantly extend its range. Use it when you don't need maximum speed.
6. Limit Weight and Cargo
Carrying heavy loads or passengers can put additional strain on your scooter's battery. Travel light and avoid exceeding the recommended weight limit.
7. Plan Efficient Routes
Plan your trips in advance to avoid unnecessary detours or steep hills. Choosing flat, smooth routes can help conserve battery power.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. When Should You Replace an Electric Scooter Battery?
An electric scooter battery should be replaced when you notice a considerable dip in its performance. This could include; taking longer than usual to charge or discharging quicker than usual.
2. How Much Do Electric Scooter Batteries Cost?
Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries cost between $200 and $1,000.
Taking MUKUTA 10PLUS as an example, the price of a 60V 20.8Ah Li-on Battery is US$599; the price of a 60V 25.6Ah Li-on Battery (LG/Samsung) is US$899.
3. Battery won't charge.
This is a common problem with electric scooter batteries, and it’s normally the battery problem.
Battery degradation: Lithium batteries naturally degrade over time, which can affect their ability to hold a charge.
Lack of maintenance: Not properly maintaining the battery, such as storing it in a hot environment, can also affect its overall life.
Broken battery cells: Make sure the battery can be charged to its maximum voltage. You can use a multimeter to check the voltage of your battery when it is fully charged. If it is less than the specified voltage, the battery may have a problem.
4. How Long Does It Take to Charge an Electric Scooter Battery?
The time it takes to charge an electric scooter battery can vary depending on the battery's capacity, and the type of charger being used.
For a standard electric scooter battery with a capacity of 36V-48V and 10Ah-20Ah, it typically takes around 5-8 hours to charge fully with a normal charger. A high-capacity battery, such as a 52V-60V and 20Ah-30Ah battery, may take longer to charge, up to 8-11 hours or more.
Increasing the range of your electric scooter is possible by following these tips and strategies. By selecting the right scooter, maintaining your battery, adopting efficient riding habits, and making thoughtful choices, you can enjoy longer rides and make the most out of your eco-friendly transportation option.